Overdrive Magazine

April 2018

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76 | Overdrive | April 2018 BETTER HEALTH N ausea is rarely a sign of something serious, but the associated vomiting and other symptoms can be extremely uncomfortable and interfere with driving. Here are some of the most common causes. FOOD POISONING. Raw foods such as salads and other produce are often food poisoning culprits because harmful organisms on the food aren't destroyed by cooking. Undercooked or raw meat also can cause food poisoning. Symptoms include nausea, vomit- ing and diarrhea. These symptoms can start within hours or be delayed for weeks. Food poisoning usually lasts from a few hours to several days. STOMACH VIRUS. Viral gas- troenteritis, sometimes called stomach u isn't inuena because it's not aecting the respiratory system. Gastroenteritis instead attacks your intestines, often causing diarrhea, abdominal cramps and pain, nausea, vomiting and a low-grade fever. Symptoms can appear within one to three days after infection and last from one to 10 days. Viral gastroenteritis is contracted most commonly through eating or drinking contaminated food or water or by sharing utensils with someone who's infected. Dehydration is the main complication of these viruses, so drink plenty of water while sick. GASTROPARESIS. This condi- tion aects stomach muscles preent- ing your stomach from emptying properly. Certain medications – such as opioid pain relievers, antide- pressants and high blood pressure medications – also can slow gastric emptying. Signs of gastroparesis include vom- iting nausea acid reux abdominal bloating and pain, lack of appetite and more. The causes are often unclear, but a known one is damage to the vagus nerve, which controls the stomach muscles. The Mayo Clinic says this nerve can be damaged by diseases such as diabetes or by stom- ach or small-intestine surgery. Those who take narcotic medi- cations or have diabetes, a viral infection or thyroid conditions are at a higher risk for gastroparesis. The condition can cause severe dehydra- tion, malnutrition, unpredictable blood sugar changes and more. BY MATT COLE • To avoid nausea-producing conditions, wash your hands regularly, keep raw foods separate from ready-to-eat foods, and cook foods to safe temperatures. Avoid sharing utensils. Avoid contact with anyone showing nausea symptoms. Disinfect hard surfaces. • Seek medical attention if you have frequent episodes of vomiting and the inability to keep foods down, bloody vomit or stools, extreme abdominal pain or severe cramping, diarrhea for more than three days or a fever higher than 100.4 degrees. • Food poisoning often can be diag- nosed based on how long you've been sick, your symptoms, signs of dehydra- tion and specific foods you've eaten. Treatment can include I.V. replacement of lost fluids or antibiotics for certain types of bacterial food poisoning. • Because gastroparesis usually is caused by an underlying condition, the first step is for a doctor to identify and treat that condition. If diabetes is the cause, your doctor can help you control it. Certain prescription medications can help stimulate the stomach muscles. PREVENTION AND TREATMENT Common causes of nausea include food poisoning or a stomach virus. Preventing and dealing with nausea

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